edema is a swelling of the feet, formed as a result of accumulation of fluid in the soft tissues.Swelling of the feet, depending on the causes may be both episodic and chronic.Let's look at what can be caused by swelling of the feet, about some pathologies of the body may indicate this condition.
main reasons for
Very often swollen feet due to excessive load on the legs.In most cases, this condition occurs in those people who, due to their specific activity spend a lot of time in an upright position.However, swelling of feet can be very familiar, and those who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
foot edema may be due to injury.So, for example, to avoid swelling at the dislocation or fracture of the bones of the foot.Often, severe swelling can be obtained and injury.
feet may swell due to the non-optimal water balance in the body.More often than not, suffer from this disease salty food lovers who drink to quench your thirst plenty of fluids.But in the hot summer of the swelling of the foot can happen every
puffiness feet encountered virtually all pregnant women when the enlarged uterus violates the bloodstream, and the love of salty foods increases significantly.In the last trimester of gestation baby feet swelling may be accompanied by an increase in blood pressure, cramps and dizziness.In this case, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
pedal edema can also occur as a result of drug administration (e.g., contraceptives, steroids), in particular when there are hypersensitive to within their constituent components.Swelling of the feet may be associated with wearing tight and narrow shoes, flat shoes or high heels.
diseases causing swelling of the feet
Swelling of the feet may indicate the presence of heart failure.Swelling, provoked by this disease, usually do not cause pain and diagnosed on two legs.They appear, usually in the evening.At the same time the skin becomes bluish legs and swelling may cover not only the foot and toes, and rise above.Edema explained very simply: the heart muscles become weak and they can not afford to pump all the blood flow, resulting in blood accumulates in the veins, and is an expansion of the latter.Getting into the soft tissues, the liquid component of blood, and provoke swelling.Associated signs in the presence of heart disease are chest pain and high blood pressure.
second disease is the cause of swelling feet of a chronic nature, called phlebitis.The characteristic features of this disease is the appearance of a blood clot - thrombus that clogs the veins stop.This swelling is accompanied by severe pain in the legs.
Swelling feet is a symptom and disease such as varicose veins, characteristic features of which is the increase of pressure in small vessels and major veins.High pressure in the capillaries leads to the release of fluid from the tissues and consequently to the occurrence of edema.
Call swelling may stop and heavy liver disease (cirrhosis, for example) or thyroid.Associated symptoms in the first case is the rapid weight loss, itchy skin and jaundice, while the second - weight gain, lethargy, constipation, swollen tongue.