Osteoporosis is characterized by destruction of bone tissue due to a decrease in its density, and is often accompanied by fractures.Especially prone to osteoporosis are women.
cause of osteoporosis in women
In most cases, the disease osteoporosis in women in menopause.The main reason - the reduction of sex hormones, which are responsible for bone turnover.If estrogen is produced in sufficient quantities, their synthesis and degradation are in balance.If the hormone level decreases, preponderance on the side of destruction.In such a case there is a violation in the intestine as absorption and assimilation of calcium - is so important for the bones.
After ten years of menopause in women bones become easier because of their destruction.Damaged, most often, vertebrae and pelvic bones and cheek.In this regard, quite common vertebral fractures in women of advanced age.Susceptible to disease and the patient during the period since the title of an artificial menopause (removal of the ovaries, etc.).
Besides the main reasons for the development of osteoporosis influence:
- thyroid disease;
- insufficient calcium intake;
- presence of rheumatoid arthritis;
- bowel disease;
- long-term use of hormonal preparations;
- hereditary factors;
- lack of vitamin D;
- low mobility.
manifestations of osteoporosis in women
disease can long period does not manifest itself and be found only in the survey - conduct tests on bone density.When the weight of the bone reaches the boundary of the lower limit, a woman may feel pain in the back, discomfort in the spine during a night's sleep.It will decrease the limit of motor activity, prolonged exposure in the same position will bring fatigue.The increase will be smaller in comparison with those numbers that were 40 years.In addition, some patients curved spine and forms a hump.
to the initial signs of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women also may include the following:
- brittle nails;
- dry skin;
- dry hair;
- frequent damage of the teeth;
- excessive plaque;
- periodontal disease;
- appearance of muscle cramps;
- severe fatigue;
- appearance of early gray hair.
further development of the disease can lead to fractures of the femoral neck, spine, collarbone, sacrum, pelvic bones, the radius of the wrist, ribs, sternum.These fractures do not heal and grow together.Especially difficult is considered hip fracture, which at the end of the year require assistance to the patient, since it is difficult to move independently.Some victims did not bounce back and remain disabled, bedridden.
In order to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, especially, should adhere to the active motor mode.It is proved that daily walking at distances up to 2 km suspension contributes to the destruction of bone tissue.Also useful are feasible with a small exercise weights.The next thing is to fill a lack of calcium through diet, and to assimilate it needs vitamin D. Living conditions must be organized in such a way as to protect themselves from possible falls and fractures.In order to prevent spinal curvature bed should be rigid.