If rhinitis in an adult lasts a long time and is accompanied by a headache, you can start to suspect sinusitis.This disease is characterized by inflammation in the maxillary sinuses.Sinusitis is fraught with complications, and therefore requires treatment.In this regard, it is important to know the early signs of the disease.
Causes of sinusitis in adults
Sinusitis can occur in adults, in both acute and chronic.The causes of acute manifestations of the disease can serve as acute rhinitis due to the transferred flu, scarlet fever, measles, as well as inflammatory diseases of the roots of the upper teeth.Acute sinusitis can provoke hypothermia, especially in the presence of low resistance to disease.
chronic form of the disease may be due to repeated acute inflammations, especially if there is a bad outflow of secretions from the sinuses, as well as on the background of chronic rhinitis.In addition to these causes chronic sinusitis can arise:
- due to thickening of the walls of the nasal mucosa;
- if twisted sinuses;
- the presence of nasal turbinate hypertrophy;
- narrowing outlet openings of the maxillary sinuses.
Symptoms of sinusitis in adults
initial signs of the disease in acute and chronic course somewhat different.
first signs of acute sinusitis in
acute course of the disease begins with a general malaise in the patient body temperature rises, he feels bad.Patients experiencing headache, chills.Pain intensity is different, extending to the forehead, teeth.When pressing on the front side of a sick sinus pain is amplified.The pain may be diffuse, uncertain, as well as a strong and constant, bursting.Pain may increase while tilting the head, sneezing, coughing.There may be tearing, photophobia present.
nose is usually laid.At catarrhal sinusitis form slimy contents separated in abundant quantities.When purulent secretions form of the disease in nature mucopurulent and purulent.The affected sinus has a reduced sense of smell.If the painful process involved the periosteum, can be swollen cheek and observed swelling of the lower eyelid.
first signs of chronic sinusitis form
Chronic sinusitis may have the following form:
- exudative (catarrhal and purulent);
- productive (necrotic, polynosic, etc.);
common to chronic course of the disease symptoms are weakness, fatigue, malaise, nasal congestion, decreased sense of smell, headache (especially at night).If the outflow of secretions from the sinuses is difficult, the patient may experience dryness in the throat, the presence of abundant phlegm in the morning bad breath.
exudative sinusitis differ abundant secretions from the nose.Vasomotor and allergic sinusitis characterized by undulating course with periods of relief of symptoms.During an exacerbation of the chronic form of the disease first signs are the same as for acute sinusitis within.