Hemorrhage in the eye is the result of accumulation of blood that flows from damaged blood vessels into surrounding tissue.The reasons because of which may appear hemorrhage, a sufficient amount.It may appear due to injury can be caused by various diseases (that poor circulation, damage to the vessel walls) may occur due to strenuous exercise, prolonged air travel, severe coughing, or even for some reason.
Causes of hemorrhage can be divided into two groups.The first - a trauma (mechanical damage to the eye or skull).The second group includes the weakness of blood vessels caused by any internal disease.In any case, a person need to consult a doctor, and in some cases quite serious treatment.To determine how and what to do with a hemorrhage in the eye, one must first understand the structure of the eye in which the process occurred.In different areas of the eye hemorrhage has its peculiar symptoms.
When bruised retina usually experience the following symptoms:
- image becomes a vague, slightly blurred;
- decreases visual acuity;
- may cause pain in the temple next to the affected eye;
- may arise fly.
happens that the bleeding takes place without visual manifestations in the eye.If the bleeding does not take up much space, is a single character, for the treatment requires admission sosudoukreplyayuschee drugs and styptic, to the eye needs a rest.If the bruise takes a large area, often, you may need hospitalization and serious treatment in the ophthalmology department.
In this case the symptoms become hemorrhage following points:
- a decrease in visual acuity;
- cramps in the eye;
- on the protein surface appears red spot.
In this type of hemorrhage is not carried out any treatment.Usually it runs independently through two or three days.
Symptoms of this type of hemorrhage (called hemophthalmus) are:
- visually apparent formation of brown, located behind the lens;
- flash before your eyes appear light and dark moving spots.
This type of bleeding is possible when blood into the vitreous.This hemorrhage can lead to complete loss of vision, retinal detachment, atrophy of the patient's eyeball, the appearance hemolytic glaucoma.That is why it is very important in the first hours after the onset of such symptoms get expert medical care.With such a hemorrhage patient should sleep "half-sitting" to the blood, and the doctor was able to settle able to get full access for inspection of the fundus.
front camera eye
hemorrhage in this case is known as hyphema.Signs of this type will drop in visual acuity and the appearance of formation of red color with the edge of his flat.In this case, the absorption of blood, which enters the space between the iris and cornea occurs usually within a couple of independently days.To speed up the process of resolving the treatment can be carried out.In this type of hemorrhage is not recommended intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that they have not violated the clotting of blood.
If hyphema did not pass on their own within ten days, you should always consult a specialist.Hyphema complication can be cataracts, high intraocular pressure and inflammation of the choroid.
General recommendations in the event of bleeding in the eye
If there are any signs of bleeding is necessary to cancel the drugs that have blood thinning effect.This refers to drugs such as aspirin, heparin, drugs with acetylsalicylic acid and others.Cancel them because they prevent the formation of blood clots, as this would lead to difficulty in stopping bleeding.
bruising in the eyes show the fragility of blood vessels, and this indicates a deficiency in vitamin E and C. So it is worth to try to compensate for a deficiency of vitamins, taking vitamin complex askorbinku or its contents.In the summer, you should try to eat more often fruits and vegetables, fresh berries, and winter to eat sauerkraut and oranges with lemons.
hemorrhage in the eye is required to consult a specialist ophthalmologist that it was he who had a detailed investigation and appointed required for this type of treatment.