Our respiratory system may be affected by external factors, and diseases associated with it, often only the result of any pathology.
accumulation of fluid in the lungs may be the result of inflammation, which is possible with a number of diseases (pleurisy, tuberculosis, pneumonia, cancer problems) or stagnation.The very fluid accumulates because of the permeability of the blood vessels (their walls), or a total violation of the integrity of the data.If liquid accumulates in the lungs by the first reason, the result is a transudate, at the second - exudate (turbid liquid).In some cases, isolation accumulates in the lungs due to malfunction of these organs of the lymphatic system, and it slows down the removal of accumulated liquid in them, and there is the risk of edema.A similar situation is possible after undergoing lung transplantation.If they accumulate a small amount of liquid, it does not cause them significant harm, but if it produces a lot of it, the lungs lose their elasticity, resulting in a
very first symptoms suggestive of increased accumulation of fluid in the lungs, is the appearance of shortness of breath.So do not neglect a visit to the doctor if you notice at her appearance without apparent reason.
Introduced pulmonary edema has two stages.Logically, the easiest is to first.When it begin to be observed in the patient during sleep attacks of cardiac asthma, it may even wake up and feel the lack of air.Also, there are wheezing, coughing, and, with any of these symptoms are much more pronounced in the lying patient.A little later appears pale skin, sputum, chest pain.In the diagnosis of the disease is necessary to consider a number of factors: the patient's age, cardiovascular disease, and it is important to be able to distinguish the breathlessness that occurs when thromboembolism of cardiac asthma.
Methods of treatment of this disease, there are several.First of all it is necessary to carry out respiratory support, which significantly reduce the hypoxia and increase intraalveolar pressure.Also, a treatment is carried out in humidified oxygen and alcohol vapor inhalation.Very efficient use of nitrates (nitroglycerin), administered into the organism in two ways, namely as a tablet or a spray.They act gradually and after a short time, significantly decreases the liquid content in the lungs.
as drugs and analgesics are used, they are used to reduce the mental state of the patient.In moderate dosages used and dopamine, which enhances cardiac output.