There are many ornamental varieties of Hypericum.Among them are multivalent, Moser, black, elegant, and others.All are easily propagated by seeds, completely unpretentious to the soil and growing conditions, because most of them - the "children" of wildlife, but there are varieties (hybrids) by gardeners and breeders.
Yet the greatest value of all the known species is St. John's wort as it has healing properties, which are known by the ancient Romans.This plant is among 20 other medicinal herbs were discovered during excavations of ancient Slavic settlement Biskupin, which existed 2,500 years ago.In Russian folk medicine, St. John's wort, ginseng in Chinese, was an integral part of many medications.It is no accident and folk name of this plant are related to its healing power - hvoroboy potion of St. Ivan.As in the Russian language - the second word of the title's wort is not accidental.After all, the plant leaves with numerous bright translucent, like holes, and black dot glands.They
are easy to see, if we consider the leaves to light.They are spread across the plate and is the seat of the essential oil.Is it in colors.In grass hypericin and Hypericum contains products of its biological synthesis, which have antibacterial activity, as well as flavonoids, vitamin PP, carotene, resinous and tannins.
In clinical practice, this St. John's wort is used as a disinfectant, astringent, anti-inflammatory, styptic.From it received antibiotic imanin.On sale is an ointment based on it for the treatment of wounds, burns, ulcers, abscesses, boils.
analogous medicinal properties has another kind - St. John's wort spotted.His impurities permitted in medicinal raw material.A distinctive feature is the four-sided (with 4 clear ribs) hollow stem.Leaves with a few translucent dots and sometimes without them.
have Hypericum perforatum several high (30-100 cm), erect, dense, cylindrical stalks with two longitudinal edges.Leaves opposite, sessile, oval, obtuse at apex, entire.St. John's wort blooms from June to August, golden-yellow flowers, gathered in shirokometelchatoe almost corymbose inflorescence.Petals oblong, margin flat or slightly jagged.The unusual beauty and color-imparting numerous (50-60) stamens, fasciculations, and one pistil to the ovary and trilocular top three curved columns.Seeds brown, very small.
This St. John's wort should not be confused with other species of wild unhealthily, for example, St. John's wort rough whose hairy stem, and to prevent impurities in the raw materials.Grass harvested at flowering time (until the unripe fruits).The lower, coarse stems discarded.Dried in the attic, under the eaves, in well ventilated areas or dryer at a temperature not exceeding 40 ° C.Raw material is considered ready when the stems become brittle.
St. John's wort is found in mixed forests, bushes, on dry meadows, fields, and near roads.Recently, lay the plantation of medicinal herbs, including St. John's wort.Anyone can get this useful plant.It is believed that it helps to 99 and will not prevent disease in any assembly.You can just brew it as a tea or prepare a variety of drugs.For example, with increased irritability, insomnia, neuralgia and neurasthenia 1 tbsp.spoon grass pour a glass of boiling water, boil for 15 minutes, strain and drink 1/4 stack.3 times a day.The broth can be replaced by infusion.
Rheumatic diseases are treated in the following drug: 10 g of dry grass (in the same article. Spoon of 6.6 g), pour a glass of boiling water, harbor for 1 hour, filter.Take 1 tbsp.spoon 2-4 times daily after meals.You can make a tincture of Hypericum vodka or 40% alcohol (1: 5).Take 30 drops with water 3 times a day after meals.A teaspoon of tincture or decoction is diluted in 1/2 cup of water and used for rinsing with bleeding gums, bad breath, and thrush, and gingivitis.St. John's wort grass treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, colitis, diarrhea, liver, gallbladder, soothe headaches, heal wounds, ulcers, stops the blood (including uterine bleeding).
For the treatment of wounds, ulcers and burns, as well as a diuretic and stimulates the activity of the heart means use St. John's wort oil.It is prepared from fresh flowers, 40% but the first alcohol (1 part) and sunflower oil (2 parts), a mixture of 3 days insist on low heat then completely evaporated water and alcohol.The oil is filtered hot through a cotton-gauze bandage.There is one recipe: one part powder Hypericum pour two parts olive oil, insist in a dark place for 2-3 weeks, filter.Dressings with mammal oil is applied on the burnt places.
can advise other ways of preparing drugs.But let's not tell.
not should not forget, however, that St. John's wort is poisonous, and its use (especially inside) should be with caution in any case not exceeding the doses indicated.