dark stains that appear on the face is correctly called hyperpigmentation spots.They are a local accumulation of melanin areas, apparently looking darker than the rest of the skin.
itself melanin is a protective agent of the body from the harmful effects of the sun's rays.And, accordingly, the greater the skin is exposed to ultraviolet rays, the more intense the body produces melanin.If for any reason at a certain place more melanin is produced, there may be formed moles, freckles or dark spots.
Perhaps one of the key reasons for the appearance of spots on the body in specific locations is heredity.Many personally observed like members of one family can be birthmarks spots in the same places.Birthmarks rarely repeated, but birthmarks often.
Not the least role in this played by the sun, but rather prolonged exposure under its rays.The most dangerous is the time from 10 am to 14 pm.
Another common cause is trauma of certain areas of the body.For example, after burning for a while in their pla
ce the skin darkens, the same thing happens with the skin subjected to prolonged exposure to friction.
also may contribute to staining and the imbalance in the endocrine system.Quite often this phenomenon occurs in pregnant women, but the treatment of this problem in the state is strictly contraindicated.The risk of harm to the child and the mother.
also hyperpigmentation may result from receiving chemicals.For example, this effect may cause the drugs used to combat acne and chemotherapy.
Some diseases can also cause hyperpigmentation effect.But usually, the intervention is not required, and it passes itself.
If spots suddenly appeared on his feet, it may be due to thrombosis or varicose veins.To spot gone, it is necessary to do treatment of the disease and to put in order the blood supply to the legs, then the stains will be on their own!
sudden appearance of a large number of dark spots have to alert you, because in some cases the first symptom of cancer.
Well, perhaps, the last reason - it's age.Over the years, the skin there are new spots, and it is impossible to stop this process.
As preventive measures can be advised not to sunbathe from 10 to 14 hours of the day, use sunscreen, wear a hat with a wide brim to avoid possible trauma of the skin.
used to treat and traditional methods (mask of lemon, strawberry, cucumber), the use of bleaching creams.In severe cases, laser and chemical peels, liquid nitrogen treatments, rejuvenation!